Natural Stone

Natural stone is available in hundreds of colors covering all styles of design. Standard thicknesses of 2cm and 3cm are available. Various laminations and special custom thickness are also available through special order. Natural stone is a product of nature.

Samples are a representation and cannot guarantee absolute resemblance. Samples show general characteristics but variations in veining, color, shade, marking, and texture are expected. In some cases reinforcement and or filling may be required and used.

Edge profiles

We are renowned for our wide variety of unique edge-profiles in all thicknesses. Both standard and custom edge treatments and profiles are available.

Finishes

Polished - A reflective finish with a glossy, mirror-like quality, which emphasizes the color and special characteristics of the stone.
Honed- A process similar to polished that results in a smooth, dull finish without a reflective surface.
Thermal  - Also known as flamed, this finish is produced by the application of high temperature flames to the surface. The flaming spalls the surface resulting in a fine, rough or coarsely stippled textured finish. The surface coarseness will vary with the grain structure of the granite. Large surfaces may have plain or circular shadow lines from the high-temperature flame that produces the finish, on both finely and coarsely stippled textures.
Other custom finishes are also available.

Quarrying the stone

There are stone quarries all over the world. Blocks of stone average 9x5x5, are cut into slabs which vary according to block size. Next the surface of one side is polished using abrasive compound bricks or diamond discs. Each stone is composed of different sections or depths of the same quarry can have extreme variations and cannot be controlled or predicted. In certain cases quarries run out of certain shades, so it is important to purchase all the stone for a particular job at once or verify that additional matching material will be available for later purchase.

Mineral composition

The hardness of each stone is determined by its mineral composition. Natural stone is classified into two categories, siliceous and calcareous.Siliceous stones are serpentine, slate, soapstone, and all granite and quartz based stones. They are durable and easy to maintain under normal conditions. Calcareous stones are limestone, marble, onyx, and travertine. Neutral cleaners (pH 7) are recommended. These stones are also durable but more sensitive to acids and strong alkaline compounds.

Siliceous stones

Granite - Granite is an incredibly durable stone, the second hardest naturally occurring material on earth (the first is diamond). Minerals in granite appear as small flecks, known as the salt and pepper look. When polished to a high gloss, the colors naturally present in the granite crystals shine with their full luster. Some granite has veining similar to marble. Granite is impervious to moisture, and is stain and scratch resistant. The hardness of granite makes it the perfect material for kitchens, or any surface that is subjected to heavy use, due to the ease of cleaning and maintaining it. It can take a hot pot, so there's no need to use a trivet, and its surface is ideal for rolling out pastry dough. It does not lose its gloss or harbor bacteria, making cleanup easier and faster. It is one of the best work surfaces available. Architects and designers love working with granite. It preserves it rich beauty despite weather, constant traffic, or other deteriorating elements. It withstands decades of wear, and requires little maintenance. In addition to its practicality, granite connotes strength, permanence, and quality. Granite is often chosen over marble, limestone, and other stones because of its durability. It doesn't burn, scratch or etch.

Slate - Slate is a fine-grained, metamorphic stone derived from the sedimentary rock shale. It is uniform in color and most commonly used on floors. Slate is also found in fireplaces, pools, and patios. Unless its surface is honed smooth slate can be recognized by its distinct cleft pattern. It is available in shades of green, purple, red, black, and gray.

Soapstone - Soapstone is metamorphosed, easily worked igneous stone that has a soapy feeling when touched. It is chemical, weather, and stain resistant, and easily cared for with mineral oil. Due to its resistance to acids and alkalis, soapstone is used for sinks and laboratory counters. It is also useful for general building purposes such as stair treads, balusters, and island tops. It is soft and scratches easily so we do not recommended it for kitchens. Colors range from dark gray to blue-green gray.

Calcareous stones

Marble - Marble is much softer than granite and has a more luxurious appearance. Due to its softness, however, it does not wear as well as granite. Many kinds of marble are unsuitable for exterior applications because it absorbs moisture and won�t stand up to the elements for extended periods of time. Because of its calcium composition, marble is porous and is easier to scratch. It should be resealed periodically to retain its beauty. Limestone, travertine, onyx and serpentine are considered types of marble.

Limestone - Limestone is used as a building stone because it is easy to work with. The presence of the mineral dolomite makes the limestone harder and capable of being polished in the same manner as metamorphic marble.

Travertine - Travertine displays characteristics similar to limestone. It is made up of layers of calcium carbonate that were formed by the slow precipitation of hot, mineral-rich spring water. The holes characteristic of travertine were created when carbon dioxide bubbles became trapped while the stone was being formed.

Onyx - Onyx is a translucent, layered calcitic stone colored in pastel shades. It is found in caves in the form of stalactites and stalagmites by the slow precipitation of cold, mineral-rich water.

Stonecutters also works with all domestic and imported man-made engineered stone slabs such as Dupont Zodiaq. Quartz surfacing is a product that is mostly raw quartz with resin and pigment. It is uniform and consistent in color, stronger than natural stone, completely non-pourous and very resistant to heat, chips, scratches and stains. The material also comes with a warranty unlike natural stone but cannot be used in exterior applications.